Much has been written on the characteristics of leadership. What do leaders actually do? How do they do it? How do they interact with their followers? What are the methods by which they are able to influence and guide.
Of course, various authors and researchers have had their say on such matters.
Listed below therefore, is a table from the likes of James Kouzes and Barry Posner on the left side as reflected in their book “The Leadership Challenge” across to John P Kotter in his publication “The Force for Change.”
Not surprisingly, all these authors have their perspective on leadership and while a case can be made for some overlap, there are also some differences.